Carlos Montezuma, whose Indian name was Wassaja, was a Yavapai Indian from central Arizona. He was captured by Pima Indians and sold to a photographer. He was educated in Arizona and New York City. He graduated from the University of Illinois in 1884 and attended Chicago Medical College. Carlos Montezuma served as a reservation physician working for the Indian Services (BIA). While working on reservations he encouraged Native American children to go to school. He eventually became a Yavapai advocate for Native Americans and helped organize the Society of American Indians, a national lobbying group; and published Wassaja, a monthly indictment of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
This collection includes correspondence; manuscripts of lectures, articles, and reminiscences relating to his career and relationships with the federal government, reservations, and the Carlisle Indian School; and miscellaneous medical materials. Correspondents include officials of the Society of American Indians, American Indian Association, Progressive Indian Association, and Richard H. Pratt, founder of Carlisle Indian School, as well as various relatives, friends, Native Americans, patients, and government officials (Source: Arizona Archives Online).
A complete collection summary is available at Arizona Archives
Media: 35mm Film
Filed Under: Native American
|0005||Correspondence, 1887-1926; Wassaja, 1916-1922; Essays, speeches & testimony, 1882-1922|
|0006||Essays, speeches & testimony, 1882-1922|
|0007||Essays, speeches & testimony, 1882-1922; Bureau of investigation, Carlos Montezuma case file, 1917-1919; Plays 1920-22; Poetry, 1911; Carlos Montezuma quoting others 1913; Carlos Montezuma quoted 1882-1926; Aphorisms, n.d.; Notes, n.d.; Fragments, n.d.|
|0008||Fragments, n.d.; General medical 1891-1915; Medical notebooks 1886-1904; Medical case notes, 1910-1921; Medical perscriptions, 1904-1922; Medical fragments 1905-1913; Financial records 1892-1922; Lists & rosters 1880-1920; (con't)|
|0008||(con't)Affidavits, applications, certificates & forms, 1882-1921; Misc. 1894-1921; Iconographic materials, 1871-1920; Society of Am. Indian materials, 1911-1923; Others-Correspondence 1895-1925; (con't)|
|0008||(con't)Others-Government documents, 1884-1914; Others-Essay Speeches 1905-1922|
|0009||Others-Misc. 1904-18; Others-Poetry 1921; Others-Notes 1952; Others-Newspaper items, 1916-20; Others Fragments 1919-22; Others-Iconographic materials; Maria Keller Montezuma Moore papers 1910-52; Corresp. 1910-52; Financial materials 1912-52; (con't)|
|0009||(con't)Misc. 1913; Joseph W. Latimer papers 1911-1934; Correspondence 1911-1934; Address, articles & publications 1913-1932; Misc. 1911-1929|