1910 Federal Census Indian Population Schedule

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1910 census enumerators were instructed to list American Indians living on reservations or in family groups outside of reservations on a special modified schedule which included an extra page of questions. Columns 1 through 32 were almost identical to the general population schedule. The only difference is that enumerators were instructed to mark "Ration Indian" in column 18 for occupation for those American Indians who did not work and were wholly dependent on government support. Those who work and received some support were to have their occupation listed, followed by the letter "R." Enumerators asked those listed on the Indian population schedule the following additional questions: tribe of this person; tribe of this person's father; tribe of this person's mother; proportion of this person's lineage that is American Indian; proportion of this person's lineage that is white; proportion of this person's lineage that is black; number of times married; is this person living in polygamy?; if this person is living in polygamy, are his wives sisters?; if this person graduated from an educational institution, which one?; is this person taxed?. An American Indian was considered "taxed" if he or she was detached from his or her tribe and was living in the white community and subject to general taxation, or had been allotted land by the federal government and thus acquired citizenship. If this person had received an allotment of land from the government, what was the year of that allotment? Is this person residing on his or her own land? Is this person living in a "civilized" or "aboriginal" dwelling? Enumerators were to mark "Civ." (for "civilized") if the person was living in a log, frame, brick, or stone house, etc. and "Abor." (for "aboriginal") if the person was living in a tent, tepee, cliff dwelling, etc.(Source: United States Census Bureau).

Special Indian Population schedules are found in the state and county where the Indian was living.Indians living with non-Indian families outside of reservations were enumerated on the Federal Census Population schedule.

To access the 1910 microfilms click (internal link) Search by state and county of your ancestor or the county of the tribe.

The 1910 Federal Census is searchable online at Ancestry.com

Media: 35mm Film
Filed Under: Census


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